The following maps depict the 1930’s modern movement buildings within the borders of the Municipality of Athens.
AREAS OF INTEREST
The Municipality of Athens, as divided in 7 Districts:
MUNICIPAL DISTRICT 1
The largest concentration of modern buildings is to be found in the 1st District. This District includes areas with a high level of differentiation between them, both in quantity as well as in the quality of construction. Famous Greek architects of the era like K. Panagiotakos, Emm. Lazaridis, Th. Valentis and P. Michaelides, Cyprianos Mpiris etc. built a large number of apartment blocks (polukatoikies) in the areas of Kolonaki and Exarchia with great emphasis on expensive materials and meticulous detail, while in the commercial triangle of Athens more two-storey buildings of lower quality construction are to be observed. The areas of Plaka and Koukaki have typological particularities, but most present alteration or deterioration, with the notable exception of some preserved buildings in the areas of Plaka and Makrigianni.
MUNICIPAL DISTRICT 2
A large number of demolished buildings is to be noted in the 2nd District, especially in the area of Neos Kosmos, Dourgouti and Gouvia, and apartment blocks have been erected in their place. Most of the buildings, mainly low in height, are to be found within the wider region of Metz and at certain locations in the area of Ilisia. Moving closer to the center of Athens, one notices that the height of the buildings reises and the quality of construction improves.
MUNICIPAL DISTRICT 3
In the 3rd District, which is composed of the areas Ano Petralona, Kato Petralona, Rouf and Botanikos, there are minor variations in the characteristics and density of the 1930’s housing. More specifically, near the Acropolis (Ano Petralona and Theseion) are concetrated the most, and the most remarkable examples of 1903o’s architecture. Throughout the District there are to be found primarily low buildings of residential use (one-story or two-storey with separate entrances). Mixed use (ground floor shop and residence on the 1st floor) is to be found in the sector near the axis of Ermou st., where commercial use has always prevailed, but also in central streets below Piraeus Avenue, in areas where industrial usage formely predominated. Especially in these areas, mixed use means a craftsman’s workshop on the ground floor and his residence on the 1st floor. Many of the remaining buildings are abandoned.
MUNICIPAL DISTRICT 4
In the Municipal District no.4, which consists of the areas Nirvana, Sepolia, Kolokynthous, Kolonos and Akademia Platonos, we find mainly ground floor and two-storey buildings with exclusive residential use, sole exception being the commercial streets (eg. Palamidiou st.), where the buildings have mixed use i.e. a shop on the ground floor and residence on the 1st floor. Several houses have been preserved one next to the other creating complexes. A large number of buildings are uninhabited, while several have additions in height from different periods of time. The most characteristic example is the following: ground floor of the 1920’s, 1st floor of the 1930’s and 2nd floor of the 1950’s.
MUNICIPAL DISTRICT 5
The modern movement in the 5th Municipal District makes its appearance in different ways in the various neighborhoods of Prompona, Rizoupoli, Ano Patisia, Patisia and Agios Eleftherios, with a stronger presence in Patisia, sparse in Agios Eleftherios and minimal in the areas of Rizoupoli and Prompona. In the area between the railway lines and (Kato) Patisia one meets very specific and clear lines in the form of the buildings, while there is a strong linear growth of modern buildings on the streets Iakovidou, Elia Zervou, Patmou etc. This District is dominated by one-storey and two-storey houses, except near Patission st., where there are several three-storey and four-storey buildings. In the former garden city of Kypriadou, i.e. the area on and around Galatsiou st., as well as on Agia Lavra St., one finds that the buildings of this sort are larger and include a garden.
MUNICIPAL DISTRICT 6
The 6th Municipal District includes the areas of Plateia Amerikis, Kypseli, Ano Kypseli, Kato Kypseli and Plateia Attikis. This Distrsict, there are many building complexes of the modern movement to be observed, amongst which are many eclectic buildings. An excellent example of a building complex is that on Pamisou st., where modern buildings are to be found consecutively on both sides of the street throughout its full length. In the wider area of Plateia Amerikis there are a significant number of apartment blocks (polukatoikies) of different typologies, some of which designed by renowned architects such as Nikolaidis, Douras and Simopoulos.
MUNICIPAL DISTRICT 7
The 7th Municipal District includes the areas of Kountouriotika, Goudi, Ampelokipoi, Gyzi Polygono, Girokomeio, Ellinoroson and Erythros, that have two-or three-storey modern buildings, most of which are concentrated in the area of Gyzi. Characteristic of the District are the building complexes of refugee housing. These examples of organized layout of the era according to the standards of Modernism include the complex of Kountouriotika, the refugee housing on Alexandra St. and the refugee housing of the area Girokomeio which, while still inhabited, require restoration.